Before undressing the baby, make sure you have all the tools on hand so that you do not have to leave the baby with anyone at the changing table. You will need:
- clean diaper
- fasteners (if you use pre-folded cloth diapers)
- diaper ointment
- diapers (or container with warm water and a clean cloth or cotton wool)
After each bowel movement or if the diaper is wet, put the baby on his back and remove the dirty diaper. Use water, cotton swabs, and a cloth or napkin to gently clean your baby's genital area. Be careful when removing a baby's diaper as it may be exposed. When the girl cleans herself, wipe the bump from her face on her back to avoid a urinary tract infection (UTI). Add ointment to prevent or treat rashes. Always remember to wash your hands thoroughly after changing the diaper.
Diaper rash is a common problem. The rash is usually red and lumpy and disappears in a few days with a warm bath, a little diaper and a little time without diapers. Most rashes occur because the baby's skin is sensitive and the diaper is wet or irritated.
Try these tips to prevent or treat diaper rash:
Repack the baby often and as soon as possible after emptying.
Gently clean the area with mild soap and water (wipes can sometimes irritate), then apply a very thick layer of diaper rash or "barrier" cream. Zinc oxide creams are best because they create a barrier against moisture.
If you use cloth nappies, wash them with colorless detergents and fragrances.
Leave the baby part of the day without diapers. This allows the skin to ventilate.
If the diaper rash lasts more than 3 days or appears to be getting worse, call your doctor - this can lead to a prescription fungal infection.
- You should give your baby a sponge bath until:
- the umbilical cord drops out and the navel heals completely (1-4 weeks)
- treats circumcision (1-2 weeks)
- A bath two or three times a week in the first year is fine. SPAs can more often dry out the skin.
Have these items ready before bathing your baby:
- a soft, clean washcloth
- mild, unscented baby soap and shampoo
- a soft brush to stimulate the baby's scalp
- towels or blankets
- a clean diaper
- clean clothes
Sponge baths. For a sponge bath, choose a safe flat surface (such as a changing table, floor, or counter) in a warm room. Fill the sink if it's nearby or the bowl with hot (not hot!) Water. Undress your baby and wrap him in a towel. Clean the baby's eyes only with a cloth (or a clean cotton swab) moistened with water, starting with one eye and wiping from the inside to the outside corner. Use a clean cloth or other cotton wool to wash the other eye. Clean the baby's nose and ears with a damp cloth. Then moisten the cloth again and use some soap to gently wash and dry your face.
Then use a baby shampoo to create a lather and gently wash the baby's head and rinse. Gently wash the rest of the baby with a damp soapy cloth, paying particular attention to the folds under the armpits, behind the ears, around the neck and in the genital area. When washing these areas, make sure they are dry, then fold and dress the baby.
Bathrooms. When the baby is ready to bathe in the tub, the first bath should be gentle and short. If she gets angry, go back to the sponge bath for a week or two and then try the bath again.
In addition to the supplies listed above, please add:
children's tray with a thickness of 2 to 3 inches - not hot! - water (if you want to test the temperature of the water, feel the water inside your elbow or wrist). A baby bath is a plastic tray that fits in a bathtub; It has a better size for babies and is easier to swim with.
Remove the baby and then immediately immerse it in water in a warm room to prevent vibration. Make sure the water in the tub is no more than 2 or 3 inches deep and that the water no longer flows into the tub. Support the head with one hand and guide the baby forward with the other hand. Speak softly and slowly lower the baby to the chest in the bathtub.
Use a washcloth to wash his face and hair. She gently massages the baby's scalp with her fingers or a soft hairbrush, including the area above the strands (soft spots) above the head. After rinsing the soap or shampoo from the baby's head, cover the forehead with your hands so that the foam moves to the sides and the soap does not get into the eyes. Gently wash the rest of the baby's body with water and a small amount of soap.
When taking a bath, gently rinse the baby's body with water to keep it cool. Immediately after the bath, wrap the baby in a towel and be sure to cover his head. Hooded baby towels are great for keeping a cool baby warm.
Do not leave the baby alone while bathing. If you need to get out of the bathroom, wrap the baby in a towel and take him with you.